The fight for freedom of india reached to its deciding moment in the fourth decade of 20th century, during this important period the socialist movement initiated and developed, so it may not avoid by saying this an incident. In the fifth decade the country became independent.
In 1929 the thoughtful revolutionist like Chandra Shekhar Azad, Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru formed Hindustan Republican Socialist Association, this organization had to targets: One to make india free and second to establish Socialism republican means democratic and Socialism means related to the society.
The first meeting of the organization held on 8-9 September 1928 at the old fort of Firoz Shah kotla. Somewhere Hindustan republican socialist association is also called as Hindustan republican socialist army, and if it is said that of the pioneer organization or dilation of Ram Prasad Bismil, Ashfaqullah Khan`s Hindustan republic which was formed for the holy purpose of making india federal and republican country.
After Kakori incident and Bismil-Ashfaq`s death sentence, this organization scattered. during 1928 to 1931 Hindustan republican socialist army/association (Chandra Shekhar and Bhagat Singh`s martyr) made the socialism as a sweet dream of India. Revolutionary literature and activities had blazed, a leader`s popularity represents his thinking.
Till 1930 independence and socialism has become the last target and philosophy of Indian citizens during this period in 1933 Dr. R.M. Lohia returned india from germany after taking his Ph.D degree in 1934 within congress the socialist`s all India forum congress socialist party is formed under the leadership of Acharya Narendra Dev, the great immense personality and learned leader.
Due to the pressure of socialists in the congress itself, in 1937 Faizpur conference Pt. Nehru accepted the importance of the socialist activities.